Oflag IX A/Z

Oflag was an abbreviation for ‘Offizierslager’ – officers camp. The camps were in Military District – ‘Wehrkreis IX’, which gave them their number. Oflag IX A/H, was the senior camp at Spangenberg; the ‘H’ being an abbreviation for Hauptlager or main camp. A few miles further south at Rotenburg an der Fulda, was Oflag IX A/Z. The ‘Z’ an abbreviation for Zweiglager or sub camp. Both were close to Kassel in Hesse.

1. Oflag IX A/H Spangenberg
2. Oflag IX A/Z Rotenburg an der Fulda



13 responses to “Oflag IX A/Z

  • Ewan Armstrong


    Thank you for a fascinating web site. My great uncle, John Aleaxander Stephenson Armstrong was a major in 54th (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery (Territorial Army)and was captured at Dunkirk and according to all my research was a POW at this camp. He is missing off your list and I was wondering if you had any further information.


    Ewan Armstrong
    Sheffield (UK)

  • Jo Bond

    Thank you for all the information – book is fascinating too! Just a quick comment your record – Capt J A Bond, Royal Artilery, should be I think my great uncle Capt J J Bond, regimental number 69684, POW 218 – typo?


    Jo Bond
    St Austell

  • christopher dann

    i am researching some names i found on a post card sent to my grand parents in 1941 from a pow camp in germany the name on the card is SLATTERY the letters are oflag ixa/h abs.l.j.p.slattery raf gef.nr.84 could you tell me the meaning of the lettering thanks

    • oflag1945

      Oflag IX A/H is the Hauptlager ‘main camp’ of Offizierslager IX; ge.nr.84 is ‘Geprüft 84’ this is the censors stamp geprüft = approved; abs= ‘absender’ from.

      So the note says it was sent from Oflag IX A/H by Slattery and that it had been passed by the censor.My interest in Oflag IX A/H starts in 1944 and I have no record of a Slattery, though in 1941 Spangenberg held aircrew as well as army POWs, so he could have been RAF.

  • William Galbally

    I am researching my uncle, Sergeant Joseph E. Galbally, U.S. Army 1st Infantry Division, 26th Infantry Regiment who was wounded and captured on September 18, 1944 about 5 km east of Aachen, Germany. We have postals indicating he was initially held at Oflag IX-A/Z, then later at a hospital in Bad Hersfeld (about 20 km south) where he died of his wounds on November 6, 1944. Why would he have been transported so far from Aachen, to Oflag IX-A/Z. Wasn’t that camp for British and Canadian air force officers? Any insights would be appreciated. Thank you. William Galbally (Philadelphia)

    • oflag1945

      Wounded men were sent to hospitals according to medical condition. I am not aware of a military hospital at Bad Hersfeld. The main hospital for the wehrkreis was at Obermaßfeld which was south of Rotenburg but about 70kms east of Bad Hersfeld. Obermaßfeld had patients of all nationalities usually burns, broken bones and serious wounds. Towards the end of the war it briefly held Lt Reba Wittle,a female US Army Nurse captured when the plane she was on was shot down. There was another hospital that took men from across Germany at Haina. Haina mainly dealt with eye wounds. All POW camps had hospitals but these were not able to handle serious injuries.

      BTW by late 1944 Oflag IX A/H and A/Z held British and Commonwealth army officers. Earlier in the war aircrew from the UK and US could be found in both camps, but that’s another story.

  • Brad Britain

    I’m living in Germany now, and looking for the POW camp where my grandfather was held. He was in the Army Air Corps. The records say that he was in “Oflag 9a H Spangenberg Kassel Hessen Nassau Prussia 51 09.” I assume that is this one. If I were to go to Spangenberg do you know where I would go in order to see the grounds where this camp was?

  • Brad Britain

    Thanks for the information! My grandfather’s name was Robert Haston. I’m going to check out those FB pages now. The castle is now a hotel, so I fully plan on booking a night or two there just to see the area. My entire family is really interested in seeing it, so it might become a common stop on the family tours when they come to visit.

  • oflag1945

    What unit was Robert Haston in – Glider Pilots or Paras? And where was he captured?

  • Brad Britain

    He was actually a bomber pilot, and I’m not completely sure where he was captured. I’m still trying to piece some of that together from the information I have. From what my mom tells me (and from my recollection as he was telling me around 15 years ago) he was captured in Poland, and initially taken to a hospital in northern Germany. He was later marched from that location down to another small camp, and eventually ended up in one of the larger camps. I’ve been digging through some of the records I have, but I haven’t found one discussing the details of where he was shot down, and how he travelled down to his final oflag.

  • oflag1945

    There were RAF prisoners at IX A/H early in the War. Charles Rollings ‘Wire and Walls’, Ian Allen, 2003 covers this and other camps for RAF POWs until 1942.

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